Ghana will soon have its first waste-to-energy plant. The 400 kW plant was commissioned at Gyankobaa in the municipality of Atwima Nwabiagya Sud in Ashanti.
The German government, through the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, has signed a $6.5 million contract with four institutions in Germany and one institution in Ghana comprising three academic institutions, one research institution and development and a medium-sized industrial company to design and build a hybrid waste management system. to a power plant to treat municipal solid waste in Ghana.
Completion of the 48-month project will help ensure the conversion of waste to energy in Kumasi. The plan is to expand the concept to other parts of the country in the future, as this project could provide a model for other projects.
The 400 kilowatt production facility, which will be known as the Hybrid-PV-Biogas-Pyrolysis-Plant, will convert 12 tons of waste into bio-fertilizer and energy daily, which will help farmers in the region have access to organic manure for their farms.
The power generated will consist of 200 KW solar, 100 KW biogas and 100 additional KW from the pyrolysis of plastic waste.
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When the whole project is completed, it will also serve as a training center for waste management and solar energy supply, provide training for 17 master’s students and four doctoral students at the University of Energy and Natural Resources (UENR), Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) and Kumasi Technical University (KsTU), all supporting partners of the project.
President’s comments on first-of-its-kind power plant
President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo said the new Gyankobaa power station was a manifestation of the government’s efforts to seek reliable and sustainable alternatives to hydroelectric and thermal power generation for the country.
The President said the project, the first of its kind in West Africa, would contribute to closing the communal carbon cycle by developing the value chain of the process with the production and use of compost.
“The hybrid waste-to-energy project has come at a time when major cities like Accra and Kumasi are facing great challenges in finding permanent landfill sites. Indeed, the highlight of this project for me is the use of municipal waste for electricity generation, which could be the sustainable alternative to reduce the waste management problems faced by metropolises, municipalities and Districts (MMDA) in Ghana,” he pointed out.
Akufo-Addo said making compost, which would be sold to farmers to boost agriculture, would help reduce mineral fertilizers, while improving soil structure and also contributing to the country’s climate change mitigation strategy. Ghana.
He said Germany will continue to train local high-level experts in waste management and treatment technologies.
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Context of the waste-to-energy project
The joint effort between the Federal Ministry of Education and Research of Germany (BMBF) in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation (MESTI) of Ghana, led by the University of Rostock in Germany through the West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use (WASCAL) in Accra which conducted feasibility studies on renewable energy resources in Ghana under the supervision of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR-Ghana) before the launch of this project. The project is funded by The Pilot Hybrid Waste to Energy and is executed by 4 German institutions, led by the University of Rostock; 6 institutions in Ghana, led by WASCAL