Leveraging OMVS to Boost Clean Energy Production in West Africa


The Organization for the Development of the Senegal River Basin (OMVS), which will celebrate its 50th anniversary in March 2022, is the only African river management organization to have systematically implemented the principle of equitable sharing between member states. in terms of ownership of watershed or water infrastructure. resource benefits. For various reasons, this is a strategic organization for Senegal and its neighbors.

First, 60% of drinking water in Dakar comes from infrastructure implemented by OMVS while 100% of water in the cities of Nouakchott, Mauritania and Saint Louis, Senegal, comes from OMVS infrastructure. Second, in addition to providing a viable and constant water supply, OMVS has provided over 375,000 hectares of potentially irrigable land which has provided the right conditions for carrying out intensive but environmentally sustainable agricultural production throughout the Basin. OMVS. As a result, OMVS has become a critical organization with regard to agricultural expansion, playing a crucial role in ensuring regional collaboration and stability within the sector.

Economically, OMVS has done more than just facilitate the growth of the agriculture and water industry, and serves as a crucial transport corridor and catalyst for economic activity and regional integration. . Politically, OMVS has played a crucial role as a mechanism for promoting regional stability and cooperation. For exampleDespite periodic geopolitical upheavals in the sub-region over the past decades, OMVS has nevertheless always succeeded in asserting its role as a cooperative management body which facilitates the sharing of the benefits of this important resource to all its members.

Third, the infrastructure built and managed by OMVS generates 800 GWh per year of clean and affordable energy. In Senegal, companies such as SENELEC and institutions such as the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy are keen to further exploit the hydroelectric potential of the entire Senegal River basin in order to better develop cross-border cooperation in the region. power generation sector. A number of large projects are underway across the sub-region precisely to achieve this goal, the most notable of which is the 294 MW Koukoutamba hydroelectric project in northern Guinea built by Chinese engineering giant Sinohydro. and commissioned by the Senegal River Basin Development Organization.

The OMVS infrastructure program is designed to harness approximately 67% of the total hydropower capacity of the Senegal River basin, which is estimated at approximately 2,000 MW. In addition to helping meet the growing demand for electricity in the four member countries, the investment program is expected to significantly reduce imports over the next few years. Senegal and Mauritania have already demonstrated excellent cross-border cooperation in the oil and gas sector through projects such as the Greater Tortue Ahmeyim project. Through OMVS, other countries in the region have harnessed and continue to tap the enormous hydropower potential of the OMVS watershed to support long-term economic growth through renewable energy, while sustaining agricultural development. and fostering shared prosperity.

The general objectives of OMVS are to increase food security, generate energy, reduce poverty and promote the free movement of goods and services. The strength of the organization comes from the fact that its objectives align with those of its member countries, and thus, the organization is able to pursue agreed projects that are both technically and politically feasible.

In response to growing demand from sub-Saharan Africa for new oil and natural gas and renewable energy projects, and growing interest from international stakeholders to invest, develop and succeed on the continent, Energy Capital & Power will hold the MSGBC Oil, Gas, & Power 2021 conference and exhibition on December 16-17, 2021. Focused on strengthening regional partnerships, stimulating investment and development in the oil, natural gas and power sectors , the conference will bring together regional international actors with African opportunities, serving as a platform for the energy sector in Africa.