an eco-friendly house in madrid
TAKKit is ‘the day after home’ is a renovated, 110 m² apartment in madrid which takes into account the emergence of the new climate regime and the fossil fuel crisis. the project is developed with the aim of updating the domestic space according to new models of use and environmental awareness. designed with a playful approach, the house incorporates various energy-saving solutions, including the use of materials with low CO2 emissions such as wood and natural cork; and a programmatic configuration that takes into account the climatic and environmental specificities of each space.all pictures by Jose Hevia
THREE MAIN IDEAS GUIDE THE RENOVATION OF TAKK
TAKK has developed the renovation of ‘the house of tomorrow’ under three main ideas. the first focuses on the functional and programmatic configuration of the house and chose to work with thermal gradients instead of a more traditional scheme based on the combination of rooms and corridors. this approach takes into account the climatic and environmental specificities of each space.
‘as if they were the layers of an onion, the spaces of the house fit together,’ explain it spanish architecture workshop. ‘this operation allows us to not use corridors saving this space for the rest of the house while functioning as an energy saving method. as we get closer to the central spaces of the house, they are more and more isolated and have less need for additional energy. this type of diversified climatic distribution fits into a context of energy scarcity and a continental climate characteristic of madrid, with strong heat waves in summer and periods of intense cold in winter, and allows us to unify functional program , climate and efficiency.’
the second idea is to prioritize the use of materials with low CO2 emissions. wood and natural cork were chosen as the main materials of the house to ensure efficient insulation in order to reduce energy losses,
but at the same time have little inertia to allow the interior to heat up quickly. the third idea, which emerged for both economic and energy reasons, was to build only half of the total area of the apartment and empty the other half including its windows. ‘given both the scarcity of resources and the Madrid climate which has high temperatures most of the year, we explored the possibility of understanding the 110 m² of the apartment as an empty shoebox where we have ” only “built inside 60 m² additional box perfectly thermally insulated (winter house), leaving the 50 m² free on the interior terrace (summer house),’ notes TAKK. ‘what seemed like a restriction at first (a very small budget) turned into a multiplier with this action. two houses for the price of one. the materiality of this “summer house” acts opposite to that of the “winter house”. the insulation of the walls, ceilings and floors are removed and the surface of these elements has been finished with cement mortar which has great inertia to capture the heat during the summer, stealing it from the interior air.
additional material and programmatic strategies reinforce the main concept of the project, including a open setup in the kitchen which encourages the equitable use of its space by the different members of the family. the worktop is placed at a height of 75 cm instead of the standard 90 cm, which allows it to be used as part of the dining table or as a desk. moreover, regardless of the number of inhabitants, the house has only one single and ‘shared’ room. the large and long area incorporates different layers, allowing different ways of relationship between the inhabitants.
wood and natural cork are the main materials of the house
incorporating a good amount of plants helps keep the environment cool during the summer